George Washington Carver, “Father of chemurgy” – The term “chemurgy” describes the production of raw agricultural material into refined industrial products. It was first named by chemist William J. Hale when he published “The Farm Chemurgic” in 1934. However, the concept of chemurgy entered the scientific spotlight through the work of George Washington Carver during the years to come. Pictured is Dr. George Washington Carver in his lab at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1940. (Wide World Photo/file)
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